Basil is used widely across various countries and cuisines. There are many different branches of basil but sweet basil is most commonly used in western cuisine. A large part of Italian cooking, basil is used for countless dishes and sauces, from creating pesto to featuring in salads, pizzas and pastas. It is usually added at the end as cooking it kills its flavour.
However, don’t confuse it with the sweet Thai basil. Its Asian counterpart has a spicier flavour and can be subject to high heat. Used widely in South East Asian cooking, the sweet Thai basil is a staple in the Vietnamese noodle soup, pho, and Thai basil chicken dish, pad krahow gai.
Substitute with: Oregano, Thyme